How to Become an Andrologist

Written by

Ray Grant Walden


August 14, 2014



Andrology is a specialty of medicine that is concerned with male health and focuses particularly on conditions that occur in the male reproductive and urological system. Andrologists are specially trained medical doctors that provide care to a variety of male patients.

What does an andrologist do?

Andrologists focus on a variety of male reproductive and urological conditions such as fertility and sexual health. They provide care to male patients typically ranging in ages from the onset of puberty to the elderly. The often treat patients with cancer, erectile dysfunction, infertility, and genital trauma. They perform many different types of diagnostic tests and imaging to determine the cause of the conditions and to help develop the best plan of treatment. They use a variety of treatments such as medication, hormone therapy, and surgery. Many andrologists conduct research to gain a further understanding of the male reproductive system and develop new methods of treatment.

What kind of training does an andrologist need?

Andrologists must complete 4 years of undergraduate education, 4 years of medical school, and residency training. Some hold a doctorate degree in andrology. They must have a solid understanding of the male reproductive and urological systems and related diseases and conditions. Andrologists are also often required to complete internships at facilities that focus on male reproductive health to gain practical experience in the field. Some also complete fellowships for additional training and specialty. Some andrologists specialize on a specific area such as male fertility, male reproductive endocrinology, urology, fertility preservation, and erectile dysfunction. All states require andrologists to be licensed. Andrologists must stay up to date on current advancements in the field and must complete continuing education throughout their careers.

What are the prospects for a career as an andrologist?

Employment of all doctors including andrologists is expected to grow faster than average for all professions, increasing 14% through 2016. The aging male population and increased awareness of male reproductive health will drive job growth.

For anyone considering whether and how to become an andrologist, the job prospects should be very good especially for andrologists with advanced training. Many job openings will arise from the need to replace andrologists that retire, transfer, or leave the field for other reasons.

How much do andrologists make?

As of this year, the average annual andrologist salary is $37,000; average annual salaries vary greatly on location, company, education, experience, and benefits.

A career as an andrologist is an excellent choice for individuals with a strong interest in caring for male patients with a variety of reproductive conditions. Andrologists must have a solid understanding of the male reproductive and urological systems and be able to apply that knowledge to many different procedures. Since reproductive health is a sensitive issue, andrologists must be compassionate and tactful and be able to make patients feel comfortable. They must have detail orientation, strong problem solving skills, and the ability to work under pressure. They must be able to make quick decisions during emergency situations.

Becoming an Andrologist Requires Training, Start Today

Are you serious about becoming an Andrologist? Then you need to get the required skills and training to do it! To start your new career, first you must decide what school you want to enroll in, so you need to gather info about potential schools. Use the  College Mouse Degree Search tool  to find the right course and college for you, and get started towards your new dream job today! After you sign up for your course, make sure you fill out and submit the FAFSA so you can take advantage of any financial aid currently available to you!

Written by:  Ray Grant Walden

Ray Grant Walden attended American University College and now lives in Houston. He has enjoyed a very exciting career and has experience in a wide variety of professions, including college counseling.

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  • I highly doubt that an Andrologist makes 37,000 after 10+ years of education. Get your facts right or edit your information properly before posting.

    • Dear Mwenda,

      Thanks for visiting

      College Mouse provides average salary figures, which might explain why the $37,000 figure seems low. We do check our numbers regularly to keep them up-to-date. Having said that, you are right that andrologists in some markets may indeed earn more than this. In fact, a recent search on (December 2015) brought up average salaries of $61,000 for the listed andrologist jobs.

      College Mouse Team

      • I think the salary discrepancy is due to the differences between a laboratory andrologist and the physician andrologist. I just started a career in the medical field and I work with andrologists who are not physicians — instead they process semen for analysis and/or cryopreservation in a fertility clinic. This might be why there is such a low salary for the above MD description.

        • This is correct Amanda. Fertility clinics have andrologists on hand that are Medical Technologists who trained and received certification and licensure to practice. The AAB is one such accrediting agency that certifies laboratory andrologists.